Tina Tupikina Glaessner (1967) refers to him as "one of the greatest poets of the modern age". Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). "[10], Yevtushenko was known for his many alleged liaisons. [9], After the Second World War, Yevtushenko moved to Moscow and from 1951 to 1954 studied at the Gorky Institute of Literature in Moscow, from which he dropped out. The first translation of Yevtushenko's poetry into English was Yevtushenko: Selected Poems, a translation by Robin Milner-Gulland and Peter Levi published in 1962. "[19], Alternatively, Yevtushenko was much respected by others at the time both for his poetry and his political stance toward the Soviet government. [30], Yevtushenko further notes that "in several cases [he] personally rose to the defense of these writers, interceding privately for Ratushinskaya's release from prison, defending Mr. Aksionov and others who were expelled from the Writers' Union. Yevgeny Yevtushenko A Precocious Autobiography, Dutton D150, Vintage 1964. [11][12][30] In October 2007, he was an artist-in-residence with the College of Arts and Humanities at the University of Maryland, College Park, and recited his poem Babi Yar before a performance of Dmitri Shostakovich's Symphony No. In July 2000 the Russian Academy of Sciences named a star in his honor. 1933). Рубинчик. Look back at our favorite moments throughout the year, from award shows to up-close shots of celebrities. Yevgeny Yevtushenko, in full Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Yevtushenko, also spelled Evgenii Evtushenko, (born July 18, 1933, Zima, Irkutsk oblast, Russia, U.S.S.R.—died April 1, 2017, Tulsa, Oklahoma, U.S.), poet and spokesman for the younger post-Stalin generation of Russian poets, whose internationally publicized demands for greater artistic freedom and for a literature based on aesthetic rather than political standards signaled an easing of Soviet control over artists in the late 1950s and ’60s. Biography. In 2007, he was awarded the Ovid Prize, Romania, in recognition of his body of work. At 19, he published his first book of poems, The Prospects of the Future. Both writers had toiled under pseudonyms and stood accused, in 1966, of "anti-Soviet activity" for the views espoused by their fictional characters. Dovlatov, S. And then Brodsky said... Graph, Issue 3.3, 1999, p.10. He first received acclaim for his poetry as a teenager, when he began publishing in magazines and was admitted to the Gorky Literary Institute and the Soviet Writers’ Union. His father was a geologist, but his life he wrote poetry and taught his son to love poetry. Yevtushenko himself once cheerfully declared that his poetry is 70-per-cent "garbage" and 30-per-cent "OK." His new book, Don't Die Before You're Dead (Key Porter, 398 pages, $28.95), marks a turn to prose. Collected Poems in English. "Yevtushenko: The story of a superstar poet,". In Yevgeny Yevtushenko …and published in English as Wild Berries in 1984; that same year, a novella, Ardabiola, appeared in English translation. Only I criticised Khrushchev to his face; not even Solzhenitsyn did that. [10] The boy accompanied his father on geological expeditions to Kazakhstan in 1948, and to Altai, Siberia, in 1950. He has Russian, German, Ukrainian, Polish, Belarusian and Tatar roots. His widow, Maria Novikova, reported that he died peacefully in his sleep of heart failure. University of Tulsa News/Events/Publications. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [26] His acting career began with the leading role in Vzlyot (Take-Off, 1979) by director Savva Kulish, where he played the leading role as Russian rocket scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. Poet was born in the city of Zima, Irkutsk region 18July 1932. "Dissident Pavel Litvinov had said that '[Yevtushenko] expressed what my generation felt. Yevtushenko's third wife was English translator Jan Butler (married in 1978) and his fourth Maria Novikova whom he married in 1986. Name: Yevgeny Yevtushenko ( Yevgeny Gangnus ) Date of birth: 18 July 1932 Age: 84 years Place of birth: Zima, Russia Height: 177 Activities: poet, writer, Director Marital status: married . "[37] Furthermore, some criticized Yevtushenko regarding Pasternak's widow, given that "when Pasternak's widow, Olga Ivinskaya, was imprisoned on trumped-up charges of illegally dealing in foreign currency, Yevtushenko publicly maligned her [and added] that Doctor Zhivago was not worth publishing in the Soviet Union. His first novel, published in Russian in 1982, was translated and published in English as Wild Berries in 1984; that same year, a novella, Ardabiola, appeared in English translation. [17] No official action was taken against him, but he was barred from travelling abroad for several years. My students are sons of ranchers, even cowboys, oil engineers. Biography Yevgeny Yevtushenko (p. 1932) Born on July 18 at the station Winter Krasnoyarsk region. His early poem So mnoyu vot chto proiskhodit ("That's what is happening to me") became a very popular song, performed by actor-songwriter Alexander Dolsky. "[9] Indeed, "as the Sovietologist and literary critic Robert Conquest put it in a 1974 profile: 'The writers who had briefly flourished [under Khrushchev's thaw] went two different ways. Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Yevtushenko (Russian: Евгений Александрович Евтушенко; 18 July 1933 – 1 April 2017) was a Soviet and Russian poet. In 1952 he joined the Union of Soviet Writers after publication of his first collection of poetry. Horoscope and astrology data of Yevgeny Yevtushenko born on 18 July 1932 Zima, Russian Federation, with biography He served as a soldier in the Imperial Army during World War I and as an officer in the Red Army during the Civil War. They are different people, but they are very gifted. However, Yevtushenko's work Babiyy Yar "spoke not only of the Nazi atrocities, but the Soviet government's own persecution of Jewish people. They are closer to Mother Nature than the big city. He was also a novelist, essayist, dramatist, screenwriter, publisher, actor, editor and director of several films. Nevertheless, some nicknamed Yevtushenko "Zhenya Gapon," comparing him to Father Georgy Gapon,[23] a Russian priest who at the time of the Revolution of 1905 was both a leader of rebellious workers and a secret police agent. Yevtushenko contributed lyrics to several Soviet films and contributed to the script of Soy Cuba (I Am Cuba, 1964), a Soviet propaganda film. After divorce he married Galina Sokol-Lukonina. [41] "His wife, Maria Novikova, and their two sons, Dmitry and Yevgeny, were reportedly with him when he died. Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Yevtushenko is a Soviet and Russian poet. "[35], Brodsky repeatedly criticised Yevtushenko for what he perceived as his "conformism", especially after the latter was made a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Yevtushenko and Andrei Voznesensky's works just don't do it for me, therefore neither of them exists for me as a poet. [27], In 1989 Yevtushenko was elected as a representative for Kharkiv in the Soviet Parliament (Congress of Peoples Deputies), where he was a member of the pro-democratic group supporting Mikhail Gorbachev. Book has red mark on bottom Shipped with USPS Media Mail. Born in Siberia near Lake Baikal, Yevtushenko is Russia's best-known living poet, attracting huge stadium audiences (30,000 at one reading). This created a scandla in Moscow. His poem Baby Yar (1961), mourning the Nazi massacre of an estimated 34,000 Ukrainian Jews, was an attack on lingering Soviet anti-Semitism. Only I criticised Khrushchev to his face; not even Solzhenitsyn did that. Yevgeny Alexandrovich Yevtushenko (born 1933), the most popular of contemporary Russian poets, was the leading literary spokesman for the generation of Russians who grew to maturity after Stalin's death in 1953. Yevtushenko was born Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Gangnus (he later took his mother's last name, Yevtushenko) in the Irkutsk region of Siberia in a small town called Zima Junction on 18 July 1933 to a peasant family of noble descent. 14 July 1995"]", "Celebrated Babi Yar poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko dies", "Soviet-era poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko dies aged 84", "Timelessness: Water Frees Time from Time Itself", "Yevgeny Yevtushenko – Words Without Borders", "Detsky Sad (1984) – Yevgeny Yevtushenko – Synopsis, Characteristics, Moods, Themes and Related – AllMovie", "Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet who memorialised Babi Yar, dies aged 84", For Yevtushenko, a Search for a Little Respect, "Acclaimed Russian poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko dies in Oklahoma", "Сын Евтушенко и друг семьи рассказали о последних часах жизни поэта ["Yevtushenko son and a family friend told about the last hours of the poet's life"]", "Darcus Howe, Andy Coogan, Dr Sylvia Moody, Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Peter Shotton, Last Word - BBC Radio 4", "Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR of 01.11.1984 N 1107 "On awarding the State prizes of the USSR in 1984 in the field of literature, art and architecture, "Решение Петрозаводского городского Совета от 26.09.2006 N XXV/XXXVI-351 О присвоении звания Почетный гражданин города Петрозаводска – lawsrf.ru ["Petrozavodsk City Council XXXVI Session XXV convocation DECISION on September 26, 2006 N XXV / XXXVI-351 Awarding of the title "Honorary Citizen Petrozavodsk"]", "Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile – Célebre poeta ruso Yevgueni Alexandrovich Yevtushenko visita nuestro país ["Famous Russian poet Yevgueni Alexandrovich Yevtushenko visits our country"]", "Поэт Евтушенко получил в Чили высшую награду республики – Газета.Ru – Новости ["Poet Yevtushenko received the highest award of the Republic of Chile"]", "УКАЗ Президента РФ от 06.06.2010 N 677 "О ПРИСУЖДЕНИИ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫХ ПРЕМИЙ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ В ОБЛАСТИ ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ И ИСКУССТВА 2009 ГОДА" ["Presidential Decree dated 06.06.2010 N 677 "On awarding the State Prize of the Russian Federation in Literature and Art 2009""]", "КОНТРАБАНДА – журнал • новости • интернет-радио. The performance was the idea of the then-President of the Moores School of Music Society, Philip Berquist, a long time friend of Yevtushenko, after the poet informed him that both works had never been performed together. One of their daughters … In 2001, his childhood home in Zima Junction, Siberia, was restored and opened as a permanent museum of poetry. It was a generation crippled by history, and most of our dreams were doomed to be unfulfilled – but the fight for freedom was not in vain. You can examine and separate out names. His maternal great-grandfather Joseph Baikovsky belonged to szlachta, while his wife was of Ukrainian descent. He published more poetry in The Collected Poems, 1952–1990 (1991), The Best of the Best: The Evening Rainbow (1999; also published as Evening Rainbow), and Walk on the Ledge: A New Book of Poetry in English and Russian (2005). They are more sensitive. Yevgeny Yevtushenko; Yevgeny Yevtushenko (primary author only) Author division. [43] Raymond H. Anderson stated in The New York Times that his "defiant" poetry "inspired a generation of young Russians in their fight against Stalinism during the Cold War". After the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in October 1961 - at which the former dictator Joseph Stalin was denounced in public for crimes committed in the 1930s, Yevtushenko was allowed to join the editorial board of the journal Yunost, and in October 1962 was sent to Cuba as a correspondent of Pravda. He is also a novelist, essayist, dramatist, screenwriter, actor, editor, and a director of several films. Our generation was breaking the Iron Curtain. Two decades later, in his 1988 article, Michael Pursglove echoes her sentiments, referring to Stanciya Zima as "one of the landmarks of Soviet literature. Combine with… But Yevtushenko's actual position was that the writers were guilty, only punished too severely. At that time KGB Chairman Vladimir Semichastny and the next KGB Chairman Yuri Andropov reported to the Communist Politburo on the "Anti-Soviet activity of poet Yevtushenko." Biography Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Yevtushenko is a Soviet and Russian poet. [44], In 1962 Yevtushenko was featured on the cover of Time magazine. [16] Yevtushenko wrote in his memoirs that he sent a copy of the poem to Khrushchev, who approved its publication. She states that "Bratsk Station" offers the greatest insight into Soviet life of any work in modern Russian literature. "[25] Judith Colp of The Washington Times, for example, described Yevtushenko as "his country's most controversial modern poet, a man whose reputation is poised between courageous behind-the-scenes reformer and failed dissident. Then we left him behind. Ex. He was also a novelist, essayist, dramatist, screenwriter, publisher, actor, editor and director of several films. In 1965, Yevtushenko joined Anna Akhmatova, Korney Chukovsky, Jean-Paul Sartre and others and co-signed the letter of protest against the unfair trial of Joseph Brodsky as a result of the court case against him initiated by the Soviet authorities. Yevtushenko had told Berquist that Leonard Bernstein had wanted to do so, but it never came to realization. Russia. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Of Yevtushenko's work, Shostakovich has said, "Morality is a sister of conscience. Yevgeny Yevtushenko was born on July 18, 1933, in Zima, Siberia, into a peasant family of mixed Ukrainian, Russian, and Tatar stock. [9] In 1991, he supported Boris Yeltsin, as the latter defended the parliament of the Russian Federation during the hardline coup that sought to oust Gorbachev and reverse "perestroika". When the family moved to Moscow, the future poet while in school, engaged in a poetic studio Palace of Pioneers Dzerzhinsky district. In 1962, knowing that there was backlash against the anti-Stalin campaign, Yevtushenko wrote Nasledniki Stalina (The Heirs of Stalin), in which he stated that although Stalin was dead, Stalinism and its legacy still dominated the country; in the poem he also directly addressed the Soviet government, imploring them to make sure that Stalin would "never rise again". [27] Yevtushenko also made two films as a writer/director. July 18, 1933 (age 84) Birthplace . His paternal ancestors were Germans who moved to the Russian Empire in 1767. "[25], He was filmed as himself during the 1950s as a performing poet-actor. [42] Milner-Gulland also wrote, in an obituary in The Guardian, that "there was a brief stage when the development of Russian literature seemed almost synonymous with his name", and that amidst his characteristics of "sharpness, sentiment, populism, self-confidence and sheer enjoyment of the sound of language", he was "above all a generous spirit". "[38] Responding to the criticism, Yevtushenko reportedly said: Who could sanction me to write Babi Yar, or my protests against the (1968) Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia? "[30], In the post-Soviet era Yevtushenko actively discussed environmental issues, confronted Russian Nationalist writers from the alternative Union of the Writers of Russia, and campaigned for the preservation of the memory of victims of Stalin's Gulag. Yevtushenko gained national stature in the Soviet Union in the early 1960’s through his popular poetry readings to large audiences. Yevtushenko himself spent half the year at the University of Tulsa, lecturing on poetry and European cinema. Moreover, "the poet Irina Ratushinskaya, upon her release from prison and arrival in the West, dismissed Yevtushenko as an official poet and the novelist Vasily Aksyonov has also refused contact [with Yevtushenko]. Yevgény Aleksándrovich Yevtushénko (Russian: Евге́ний Алекса́ндрович Евтуше́нко;[1] 18 July 1933 – 1 April 2017)[2][3] was a Soviet and Russian poet. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [45] He was awarded the Laureate of the International Botev Prize, in Bulgaria in 2006. Born in Siberia near Lake Baikal, Yevtushenko is Russia's best-known living poet, attracting huge stadium audiences (30,000 at one reading). discussed in biography. His first important publication was the 1956 poem Stantsiya Zima ("Zima Station"). Poem Hunter all poems of by Yevgeny Yevtushenko poems. In 1995 he published his huge anthology of contemporary Russian poetry entitled Verses of the Century. [8] Both of Yevtushenko's grandfathers were arrested during Stalin's purges as "enemies of the people" in 1937. [46], Jean Albert Bédé. Yevtushenko was born Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Gangnus (he later took his mother's last name, Yevtushenko) in the Irkutsk region of Siberia in a small town called Zima on 18 July 1933 to a peasant family of noble descent. [9] Colp adds: "Sovietologist Stephen Cohen of Princeton University contends that Yevtushenko was among those Soviets who didn't become dissidents but in their own way tried to improve conditions and prepare the way for reform, [saying that] 'They exhibited a kind of civic courage that many Americans didn't recognize. He was also a novelist, essayist, dramatist, screenwriter, publisher, actor, editor and director of several movies. [20] In 1963 he was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature for his poem "Babi Yar", concerning the 1941 massacres at Kyiv.[21][22]. 14 июля 1995 ["Recollections about Akhmatova - Interview with Krivulin, Victor. A Russian author, poet, actor, and director, he is best known for Babiyy Yar, a political poem. 7", Yevgeny Yevtushenko. In 1978 he embarked on an acting career, and in 1981 a book of his photographs, Invisible Threads, was published. [18] He was part of the 1960s generation, which included such writers as Vasili Aksyonov, Andrei Voznesensky, Bella Akhmadulina, Robert Rozhdestvensky, Anatoly Gladilin; as well as actors Andrei Mironov, Aleksandr Zbruyev, Natalya Fateyeva, and many others.